Validation of Alternative Microbiological Methods
USP Chapter < 1223 > Validation of Alternative Microbiological Methods and EP Chapter 5.1.6 Alternative Methods for Control of Microbiological Quality provide guidance on the selection and implementation of assay methodologies to serve as alternatives to compendial microbiological methods. The documents describe important steps that should be taken to evaluate candidate alternative methods, to select the analytical technology and ultimately to qualify the method with actual product. These steps include, but are not limited to:
- Identification of a potentially suitable alternative methodology
- Demonstration that the method is equivalent and applicable as a replacement for a standard compendial method
- Development of user specifications for equipment selection
- Qualification of the method in the laboratory
Microbiological methods described in the compendia fall into two general categories:
- Qualitative methods (not enumerative) that are used to assess the general microbial quality of compendial articles. This category includes assays that are intended to demonstrate the absence of microorganisms in a compendial article.
- Quantitative methods that yield a numerical (enumerative) result in terms of the microbial content of a compendial article.
There are inherent analytical factors that must be considered in the implementation of microbiological
methods and in the comparison of a candidate alternative method to an existing compendial method. With respect to qualitative (“absence of”) analysis, it is critical to consider that in microbiology, the finding of “no microorganisms present” does not mean in absolute terms that zero cells are actually present. A result of “no growth” in a current compendial method is properly interpreted as “no growth was detected under the specified conditions”…
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